- "When possible, try to schedule your exam during days 10 to 14 of your menstrual cycle. The technologist will be able to get the best pictures during this time.
- If you've had a recent mammogram at another facility, please bring your film to the exam. The radiologist will compare images.
- Be sure to answer honestly any questions about prior surgeries or procedures.
What Happens Before the Exam?
On the day of the exam, you can eat and drink as as you normally would.
- Plan to wear a two-piece outfit to your exam, and make sure that your clothing from the waist down has no metal parts such as zippers, snaps or belts. You will change into a hospital gown, so you will be asked to remove your clothing above the waist.
- You’ll also take off anything that may have metal such as jewelry, glasses, hearing aids or dentures.
- Before the exam, you’ll talk with a nurse or technologist. If you’re prone to claustrophobia (fear of enclosed spaces) please let someone know at this time. You may have an IV inserted into your hand or arm at this time. The IV is a way to make injecting medicine fast and easy.
What Happens During the Exam?
During the exam you will lie face down with your breasts falling into cup-shaped holes on an exam table. Unlike mammography, the breasts are not compressed during the exam, so there is no discomfort. You’ll be asked to lie very still and breathe normally. Your breasts may feel slightly warm, but this is normal. The exam table will move in and out of a cylinder-shaped machine where the images are taken. During this time you will hear the machine make loud thumping and humming sounds as the images are taken. You may be given hearing protection to quiet the noise. Most MRI machines are equipped with intercoms, so you’ll be able to speak with the technologist throughout the exam.
Why Might I Need an Injection for the Exam?
Breast MRI is performed with a contrast material, called gadolinium, which is usually injected into the arm part-way through the exam. The contrast agent is a very safe substance that will move into the bloodstream and highlight the blood flow to any tumors or abnormal tissues.
Without contrast material, MRI can show:
- Density of breast tissues
- Breast cysts
- Breast ductal system
- Hematomas (collections of blood)
- Ruptured or leaking breast implants
When a contrast agent is administered, MRI can show:
- Breast abnormalities
- Difference between benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) lumps
- Size and location of a suspicious lump
- Enlarged lymph nodes in the chest and underarm area
How Long Will the Exam Take?
Plan one-and-a-half hours for your breast MRI examination to allow time for changing clothes and filling out forms. The actual exam will take between 45 minutes to an hour.
What Happens After the Exam?
There are no side effects from breast MRI and all normal activities can be resumed immediately after the exam. The radiologist will interpret your images and will send a report to your physician. An MRI takes hundreds of pictures, so your report will probably not be available while you wait. Ask your technician when your doctor will have the report.