Burn Terms

Below is a list of terms you need to know when dealing with burn injuries.

Collagen

A protein consisting of tiny white fibers.

Contracture

Shortening of scar tissue which causes an otherwise normal joint to remain fixed resulting in lack of motion.

Debridement

Removal of dead tissue destroyed by the burn injury.

Dermatome

An instrument used to remove a thin layer of skin from one area of your body to be placed on your burn injury.

Donor Site

The area of the body from which the skin graft is taken.

Edema

Swelling.

Enzymes

An agent used to dissolve dead tissue.

Eschar

Dead tissue covering a burned area.

Escharotomoy

An incision made through the eschar to relieve pressure and increase circulation of blood to the involved area.

Hypertrophic Scars

Enlargement or overgrowth of scar tissue.

Intravenous (I.V.) Lines

A means to administer special fluids or medicine made possible by a needle inserted into a vein.

Keloid Scars

Overgrowth of scar tissue that extends beyond the margin of injury.

Nasogastric (NG) Tube

A tube inserted through the nose into the stomach, designed to empty the contents of the stomach and allow the stomach to rest.

Pig Skin

Specially treated skin taken from pigs which is placed on the burned area as a temporary dressing. Pig skin helps the wound heal, decreases pain and enables movement of joints.

Re-epithelization

Skin "buds" merge to form new skin, often having a "Goose-Bump" appearance.

Repigmentation

Recoloration of the skin, post injury.

Scarring

Enlargement or overgrowth of scar tissue due to excess collagen, a protein of the skin.

Skin Graft

A portion of your own skin taken from an unburned area of your body and placed on a burned area.

Splint

A device used to help contractures, provide support, decrease swelling, and maintain proper positioning.

Tanking

The daily bath given in the hydrotherapy room, designed to remove dead tissue, prevent infection, promote healing, and allow you to exercise underwater.

Tube Feedings

Feedings administered through a tube directly into the stomach or intestines to provide desperately needed food for healing. These feedings are used when the patient is unable or will not eat.



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