The doctors at INTEGRIS are widely considered some of the best at treating cancer in Oklahoma. Our team brings decades of experience diagnosing and treating every type of cancer. We serve the entire state from our hospital locations in Oklahoma City, Yukon, Edmond, Enid, and Miami.
The INTEGRIS team is committed to providing the best care for its patients with cervical cancer. We believe this starts with education about the disease, its symptoms, and treatment.
The cervix is a part of the female reproductive system, found in the lower part of the uterus. It is a short canal connecting the vagina and larger cavity of the uterus. Cancer of the cervix can be invasive or non-invasive.
A diagnosis of invasive cervical cancer means that atypical cells from the surface of the cervix have migrated, either deeper into the tissue lining the cervix, or to other organs and tissues. This type of cancer is diagnosed most frequently in women under the age of 50. Noninvasive cervical cancer, also called ""carcinoma in situ,"" is more common than invasive cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer symptoms usually begin after the cancer becomes invasive, and atypical cervical cells are spreading into neighboring tissues. When this occurs, symptoms commonly consist of one or more of the following:
- Abnormal bleeding, such as between regular menstrual periods, or after intercourse.
- Heavy and/or longer-lasting menstrual flow
- Bleeding after menopause
- An increase in vaginal discharge
- Dyspareunia, or pain during intercourse
It’s important to remember these symptoms could resemble those associated with other medical conditions. Be sure to consult your doctor for an accurate diagnosis.
Both invasive and noninvasive cervical cancer can be detected with a Pap smear and follow-up testing. Survival rates for cervical cancer have increased sharply as preventative care practices such as these have become more mainstream, and as medical technology has advanced.
Cervical tissue is unique to tissues found in other parts of the uterus and body, and requires unique treatment. Each woman’s treatment plan is specific to her as an individual. Taken into consideration is the individual’s overall health and health history, how much the cancer has advanced, predicted course of the disease, as well as the woman’s preferences and opinions.
The treatment plan may include one of three types of surgery:
- Cryosurgery: Using liquid nitrogen or a very cold surgical instrument to freeze off cancerous tissue
- Laser surgery: A very strong light laser that can cut out or kill atypical and abnormal cells.
- Cervical biopsy: Cutting suspicious or cancerous cells out with a special device. Also known as "LEEP."
- Hysterectomy: Complete or partial removal of the uterus and cervix. This may be necessary if abnormal cells are discovered inside the cervical opening.
The patient also may receive radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of both. "
For more information on Cervical Cancer visit our health library. If you have concerns about cancer please request a consultation with your primary care physician, or contact the INTEGRIS Cancer Institute in Oklahoma City.