Enterovirus EV-D68 is a respiratory virus that has seen a recent spike in its spread throughout the Midwest.

Enterovirus EV-D68 in Oklahoma

Enterovirus EV-D68 in Oklahoma

What is Enterovirus EV-D68?

Enterovirus EV-D68 is a respiratory virus that has seen a recent spike in its spread throughout the Midwest. Little is known as to why EV-D68 in Oklahoma has been less common than other enteroviruses, which are actually quite common. Normally, enteroviruses bring on the same symptoms as the common cold, though the symptoms of EV-D68 are reported to be intensified.


Though the disease is not well-defined, there are reports of the EV-D68 causing mild to severe respiratory illness: sneezing, a runny nose, a cough, asthma, fever, wheezing, and possible rash development. Any other signs or symptoms aren’t clear at this point.

How does it spread?

Much like the common cold or influenza, EV-D68 is thought to spread through respiratory secretions such as saliva or nasal mucus. Coughing and sneezing will facilitate the virus’s spread from person to person, as will touching contaminated surfaces.

Who is at risk?

The demographic most at risk is children 6 weeks to 16 years old, with very young children  most frequently being the sources of the virus. Children have had the least amount of time to build up an immunity to the virus, so they are more susceptible to attracting the virus than adults.

Where is the EV-D68 being found?

Currently, 43 states and the District of Columbia have submitted assessments to CDC of activity of EV-D68-like illness. While reports of EV-D68 in Oklahoma were alive in September, it appears that Oklahoma is now showing no reports of EV-D68. Still, the threat of the enterovirus remains constant. INTEGRIS Health doctors are trained and experienced in the treatment of EV-D68.”

History of the EV-D68

EV-D68 is certainly uncommon, but it’s technically not new. In 1962, EV-D68 was first identified in California and it has popped up in both the United States and around the world ever since. However, there have been fewer than 100 reported cases since its first inception.

Is this virus a cause for concern?

There should always be concern when dealing with any sickness, but the rarity of EV-D68 creates uncertainty that heightens the amount of worry around this virus. Being that EV-D68 is an enterovirus, its ability to cause disease is a factor, and, as we’ve seen, the ability to spread quickly plays a big role in the cause for concern.

How is EV-D68 treated?

Unfortunately, there are no vaccines currently available for preventing EV-D68 infections. Here are a few things that you can do to help ensure that your children (and yourself) are better protected from the virus:

  • Make sure you’re washing your hands thoroughly and with soap throughout the day, especially after changing diapers, since EV-D68 can be carried in stool.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands. This is an easy way to become infected.
  • Wipe down counters, toilet seats, and any other surfaces with disinfectant that could possibly be contaminated.
  • Avoid sharing food and drink with others, especially those that appear to be sick.
  • Cough hygiene: make sure you’re covering your mouth and washing your hands frequently.