Burns

INTEGRIS is home to one of only two adult burn care centers in Oklahoma – and one of the largest burn centers in the United States.

INTEGRIS Paul Silverstein Burn Center

The healing begins here.

Beyond the Burn

A severe burn can be a seriously devastating injury – both physically and emotionally. If you’ve suffered a severe burn, you may be left with physical challenges like a loss of certain physical capabilities, disfigurement, scarring or limb loss. But you also may be facing the emotional and psychological injuries that come with severe burns, like, nightmares or flashbacks from the traumatizing event or maybe loss of a friend or family member in the fire.

At INTEGRIS, we understand how difficult this time can be. That’s why we’ll be at your side with the absolute best burn team available, including physicians, nurses, physical therapists, occupational therapists, dietitians, social workers, respiratory therapists and more. Together, we can get through this.

Not Always a Matter of Heat

Burns are traumatic injuries caused by different kinds of energy: thermal (extreme heat or cold), electrical or chemical energy. They are classified by degree, depending on how deep the burn has penetrated and how severe the damage is.

  • First-Degree (superficial partial thickness) Burns: Affect only outer layer of skin and will heal without treatment. The burn site is pink or red in appearance, sore and tender, but not blistered. Example: mild sunburn.
  • Second-Degree (partial thickness) Burns: Involve the epidermis and part of the dermis layer of skin. Skin is a blistered, reddened and swollen with a weeping wet surface  and is sensitive to air. Unless it is a deep second degree burn, the wound will heal by itself. Example: a flash fire or hot liquid splashed on skin.
  • Third-Degree (full thickness) Burns: Destroy the epidermis and dermis. The burn site appears white, black or charred with a leather-like appearance. While the site will be swollen, there is no sensation in the area since the nerve endings are destroyed. The full thickness of the skin has been burned and there may also be destruction of the underlying tissue, bones, muscles, and tendons. Regeneration of skin is not possible in third-degree burns and these areas must be grafted. Example: flame, electricity, chemicals, frostbite.

Understanding Burns

A burn injury usually results from an energy transfer to the body. There are many types of burns caused by thermal, radiation, chemical, or electrical contact:

  • Thermal: Burns due to external heat sources which raise the temperature of the skin and tissues and cause tissue cell death or charring. Hot metals, scalding liquids, steam or flames can cause thermal burns when coming in contact with skin.
  • Radiation: Burns due to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays of the sun or other sources of radiation such as x-rays.
  • Chemical: Burns due to strong acids, alkalis, detergents or solvents coming into contact with the skin and/or eyes.
  • Electrical: Burns from electrical current, either alternating current (AC) or direct current (DC).

Specific treatment for burns will be determined by your doctor based on its type, classification, location, and severity. Your age, overall health, medical history and tolerance for specific medications, procedures or therapies will also be factored in, as well as your personal opinions and preferences. Treatments may include:

  • Wound Care
  • Intravenous (IV) Fluids and Electrolytes
  • Pain Management
  • Physical Therapy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Skin Grafting
  • Functional and Cosmetic Reconstruction

Available Near You

INTEGRIS Paul Silverstein Burn Center

INTEGRIS Baptist Medical Center